A root canal dentistry practice is done in the molars and premolar teeth. It is done after the tooth pulp has been affected in one way or another. The most common things affecting the pulp are such as: a cracked tooth, recurrent dental operations on a tooth, deep cavities and trauma just to mention a few. The term root canal is derived from the practice of cleaning the tooth’s root canal in the root of the tooth
What it is
Essentially, root canal is a dentistry treatment of repairing a tooth that is badly damaged rather than having to remove it completely. While some teeth are too badly off that removing them is the best approach for them, others can be saved by a simple root canal treatment. The procedure of root canal involves: removal of the damaged tooth pulp, cleaning procedure , disinfecting the tooth, filling it and finally sealing the tooth. Dating back to decades ago, tooth canal procedures were super painful. Nowadays, dental advances and use of local anesthetics have made the root canal treatment free from too much pain.
The procedure of root canal treatment
There are several steps involved in root canal treatment. However, this is highly dependent on the extent of damage. The steps include:
- An examination test by the endodontic
X- rays and physical examination are used to assess the condition of the tooth pulp. A local anesthesia is also administered to the affected tooth.
- The endodontic places a dental dam on the affected tooth so as to prevent it from having saliva.
- An opening is drilled from the back of the front tooth , premolar or molar crown in order to remove the pulp that is diseased commonly called’ pulpectomy’.
- The pulp compartment as well as the root canal are cleaned, disinfected and shaped accordingly ready for filling.
- Gutta percha material is used to fill the root canal
In case, there is need for more than a single visit to the endodontic, temporary filling is necessary. It is placed on the crown opening in order to protect the tooth in the course of the visits. It is then removed and the pulp compartment filled with the permanent gutta perch in each of the canals and completely sealed using cement.
Pros of root canal
- It prevents the tooth from getting further cavity and damage by disinfecting it thus removing bacteria that eat away the tooth.
- It is a better way of dental treatment that prevents losing teeth by removal.
- The permanently sealed Gutta perch material is durable thus giving a long lasting treatment of teeth.
- It is not as painful as other dentistry Practices such as tooth removal. Dentistry advances and anesthesia have solved the issue of pain.
- The root canal treatment is relatively expensive and thus not affordable by all.
- Research shows that it has not been possible to completely eliminate pain. There is little pain in the treatment.
A tooth treated by root canal has odds of life time durability if handled carefully. Additionally, a good number of root canal Practices have proven to be successful. Therefore, root canal can be a correct way to go as an alternative for tooth removal.